World History

This timeline is intended as a "survey" of important world events, starting about ten years before start of game. It does not discuss each event in detail, but rather serves as a starting point for additional research.












Recent Conflicts

American Civil War (1860)

US southern states secede; northern states fight to keep them in the Union. Won by the North.

Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)

Japan fights China over control of Korea. Japan wins easily, demonstrating the contrast between the successful modernization of Japan and the decline of the Chinese Qing dynasty. The war is resolved in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which declares Korea independent and cedes Taiwan, the Pescadores, and the Liaodong peninsula to Japan. China must also pay a large indemnity. However, Russia, France, and Germany intervene and force Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China.

Spanish-American War (1898)

Cuba and the Philippines revolt against Spain, and the US backs them. The US wins, and the war is resolved in the Treaty of Paris. Cuba wins independence; the US acquires Puerto Rico and Guam and annexes the Philippines. The US also acquires Hawaii during the war.

Boxer Rebellion (1900)

Members of a Chinese secret society known as the "Boxers" revolt and attempt to throw all foreigners out of China, with the semi-secret support of the Qing dynasty. Russia, Britain, Germany, France, America, and Japan form an alliance to defeat the Boxers. The resulting peace treaty is heavily in favor of the alliance; it humiliates China, breaks the power of the Qing Dynasty, and encourages the rise of revolutionary groups.

Boer War (1899-1902)

Great Britain and the Dutch Boers of Transvaal and the Orange Free State fight over control of South Africa. Britain captures the two main Boer cities in 1900, but the war drags on for two more years of guerilla warfare. Britain wins, but the war is much more brutal and difficult than expected.

Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)

Japan and Russia fight over "spheres of influence" in Korea and Manchuria. Japan wins, shocking the world and elevating Japan to world power status. The war is often viewed as evidence of Japan's successful modernization/westernization.

Copyright © 2003 Atlas Adventures. All rights reserved. Reproduction is forbidden without express written permission from Atlas Adventures.