GUIDELINES FOR AUXILIARY SOLDIERS 1/20/06
| In general, standards
are as strict
as for legionaries. Equipment must be authentic and correctly
although uniformity is less important. Spangenhelms, Viking
medieval swords, and the like are prohibited. All auxiliary
as well as the equipment to be used, must be approved by the Commander.
The "standard" auxiliary impression for the Twentieth Legion will be a member of a mixed cohort of infantry and cavalry, Cohors VI Thracum Equitata. Infantry will need a helmet, shield, gladius on belt or baldric, armor, and one or two light throwing spears (lanceae), or three or more javelins. Cavalry will need a Coolus or cavalry style helmet, shield, armor, spatha, spear and/or javelins. If you own a horse and wish to perform mounted, you will need to discuss saddle and tack with the Commander. Also, some sites do not allow horses, and at others special arrangements may need to be made.
Other types such as a slinger or clubman (as on Trajan's Column) are handy for new members who do not yet have sufficient equipment. Archers must have an approved recurve bow, and arrows and other gear must also be correct.
TUNICA, CALIGAE, BALTEUS, and GLADIUS (if applicable) are same as for legionaries. Tunica off-white or undyed, or light blue for sailors/marines.
SHIELD is flat CLIPEUS--oval up to 50"x26", wood 1/4" to 3/8"
thick, with domed boss (generally brass or bronze). Leather or
covering, brass or stitched-on leather rim, single horizontal
Optional back-bracing similar to that on the scutum.
The shield can also be dished or convex, though there is no easy way to
do this. Decent Deepeeka shields include #3997W Roman Infantry
Scutum, #6711W Roman Centurion Wooden Scutum, or #3998W Roman Cavalier
Scutum (all apparently linen covered) (and don't worry that they are
HELMET--For infantry, generally
Auxiliary types A and B, Coolus types C to I, or Montefortino types C
F. (Cross-braced styles date to 2nd century AD.) Cavalry
use Coolus types or Auxiliary cavalry types.
The Deepeeka 6303B Auxiliary Infantry type B, 6055B Coolus C, 6308B Coolus G, and 6051B Coolus E are all approved for auxiliary use.
ARMOR--Traditionally mail, c.
and sleeveless with shoulder doubling. Hamata with short sleeves
and no shoulder doubling apparently only appears in the second century
armor is also an option.
|SPEARS--Of various types and sizes. Shafts were made of ash, those of lanceae or throwing spears probably being an inch or less in diameter and 7 or 8 feet long, smaller javelins about 3/4" diameter. A heavier thrusting spear shaft could be 1" to 1-1/8" thick. Heads were iron, and ranged from 3 or 4 inches up to about 12 or so--8" to 10" is a good range. Some were carefully made and could even be decorated, but most were simply forged from an isoceles triangle of thick sheet iron. The wide end was wrapped to form the socket, and the seam was usually not forged shut. The blade part was quickly hammered into a lens cross-section and the edges ground or filed sharp. The rest was apparently left black from the forge. The buttspike was a plain iron cone also made from a triangle, identical to that on a pilum. The spearhead at right is 11" long.|
The Deepeeka #3501
Roman Spear is terrible!! 3527 Roman Spear isn't bad, but the
"Thin Pilum" has the same catalog number (on the website at least), so
there may be some confusion. 3529 Greek Spear has a decent head,
but also a 5th century BC cast brass buttspike, and the shaft is two
Accoutrements--Optional pugio. Cloak and marching gear same as legionary.
Trajan's Roman Cavalry Site, http://www.trajan20.freeserve.co.uk/
Also see the page of Things to Avoid.